Thursday, November 12, 2020

Self-Efficacy Theory


Self-efficacy is the perception that a person can act in a way to achieve a desired goal. In 1977, Albert Bandura of Stanford University wrote an extensive article on the theory of self-efficacy. He proposed that our perceptions of self-efficacy come from four sources: “performance accomplishments, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and physiological states (191).”

A substantial body of research has been done on the concept of self-efficacy. Recent formulations of self-efficacy focus attention on specific dimensions of self-efficacy. Thus we find researchers studying the relationship of self-efficacy to different outcomes like coping with stress, teaching, academic achievement, and so forth.

Some researchers have studied self-efficacy on a broad basis but this can lead to the assessment of competencies in many areas of functioning as seen in the 104-item Self-Efficacy Survey (Panc et al., 2012).

Assessing and helping people develop self-efficacy are useful skills for psychotherapists, health care workers, coaches, educators, parents, and anyone else involved in helping people assess their strengths and achieve their goals.

Cite this post

Sutton, G.W. (2020, November 12). Self-efficacy theory. Retrieved from

Measures of Self-Efficacy

New General Self-Efficacy Scale

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Bandura, A (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change. Psychological Review. 84 (2): 191–215.

Panc, T. Mihalcea, A., & Panc, I. (2012). Self-Efficacy Survey: a new assessment tool. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 33, 880-884.

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